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So How Can Artificial Intelligence (AI) Help Teachers in Primary Schools?

AI Robot - Teachers Using AI in Primary Schools
Discover how Artificial Intelligence (AI) can change primary education by streamlining administrative tasks, personalising learning experiences, offering insights on pupil progress. We explore how AI can transform teaching and learning in primary schools.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is advancing rapidly, with AI-generated art and text often being nearly indistinguishable from human-created content, signalling a potential transformative shift.

While the concept of robot teachers might seem distant, AI is already influencing education. Parents and educators in secondary and higher education are expressing concerns about AI and plagiarism. Tools like ChatGPT can generate essay-like responses that sound realistic and evade plagiarism detection.

In Key Stage 2 (KS2), children typically do not write essays for homework; most of their extended writing occurs in class, usually by hand. However, AI is still impacting KS2 teachers. From creating lesson plans to marking, AI is transforming various aspects of teaching.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Defining AI is complex. At its core, AI refers to machines or computers’ ability to think and respond similarly to human intelligence. In education, AI text generators like Classroom Stars AI Tools are useful and productive. These tools produce original text and can provide real value for teachers and learners, reducing administrative tasks.

AI text generators rely on machine learning. They are trained on extensive datasets, including books, websites, and articles, learning not only information but also how to write convincingly in human-like language. However, these generators can make mistakes, producing incorrect or offensive content without human oversight.

While AI tools can be helpful, they cannot replace the expertise and insight of teachers, who understand their students’ needs and create a positive learning environment.

Impact of Text Generators on KS2 Teaching

Teaching is a demanding profession, with many teachers working over 60 hours a week. Research suggests that 20-40% of teaching tasks could be automated, potentially easing teachers’ workload. AI text generators like Google Gemini could play a role in this transformation, impacting lesson planning, marking, and resource creation.

Lesson Planning

Creating well-structured lessons is a fundamental part of teaching. AI can assist by generating detailed lesson plans, saving teachers time, especially when tackling new topics. However, AI-generated plans may contain factual errors or unrealistic suggestions. For example, a suggested 20-minute group presentation on the key pharaohs of Ancient Egypt might be impractical. Additionally, AI lacks the creativity and subject-specific insights that teachers bring to their lesson plans. While AI can provide a starting point, teachers need to adapt and verify these plans to fit their classrooms.


Marking is another time-consuming task that AI could potentially automate. While AI can efficiently grade multiple-choice questions, assessing extended writing is more complex. A 2022 study found AI marking unreliable, as it failed to recognise common sense and could be easily manipulated by students. Therefore, AI is not a viable replacement for a teacher’s nuanced and consistent marking.

Creating Resources

AI could also assist in creating educational resources like maths questions, quizzes, and worksheets. However, computer-generated resources may lack the rigour and precision that an experienced teacher provides. Despite this, teachers can save time by using existing resources and collaborating with colleagues, ensuring high-quality materials are available.

The Future of AI in Education

Despite its potential, AI cannot replicate the essential human elements of teaching, such as personal interaction, warmth, and relationships. AI cannot sit with a student to help with academic or social challenges. However, AI could support teachers by creating resources, writing assessments, or planning lessons, potentially becoming a valuable assistant.

Ultimately, AI tools are not replacements for teachers but can enhance their capabilities, allowing them to focus more on fostering a supportive and dynamic learning environment.

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